Kerala, the Gods own country is a state on the Southern Malabar Coast of India. The state was formed in1956 by incorporating Malayalam speaking regions. The tropical paradise of waving palms, natural landscapes and wide sandy beaches made the state as the most sincerely beautiful tourist destination. A willowy coastal strip-shaped state pervaded about 600km of illustrious Arabian Sea coast and beaches. The Western Ghats meld with verdant green vegetation. Hence all these, Kerala is entitled as God’s Own Country. It is bordered by the Arabian Sea and Lakshadweep Sea to the west, Karnataka to the north and Tamil Nadu to the east and south.
Renowned houseboats and dashing backwaters especially in Alappuzha (Alleppey) are another acclaimed fortes of Kerala. Kuttanad is a well-known tourist spot in Kerala acclaimed for backwaters and houseboats. Kathakali and Mohiniyattom are famous art forms of Kerala. Not only for the visual elegance, but Kerala is also a prominent place for numerous other factors of variety. From ancient age itself, the place was prominent for spices. Since 3000 BC, Kerala has been a prominent exporter of spices
It is hard to deny Kerala’s liberal and secular culture not only in sense of natural vegetation but also in its social balancing. God’s own country is an exceptional venue for temples, mosques, churches, and even synagogues.
The predominant apotheosis of Kerala is its pluralism in all sense. The prodigious climate is another peculiarity if Kerala, which has a wet & maritime tropical climate determined by seasonal heavy rains of the monsoon with around 120–140 rainy days per year. 65% of its rain befalls from June to August and the rest from September to December.
Biodiversity
Till 18th Century, Three-quarters of the land in Kerala was covered under thick forest. According to the reports in 2004, more than 25% of India’s 15,000 plant species are in Kerala. Now, 1272 plant species are endemic to Kerala out of the total 4000 species. About 900 medicinal plant species are there. 159 of the total species are threatened. 24% of Kerala is forested, which embodies tropical evergreen forests, tropical moist and dry deciduous forests, montane subtropical and temperate forests. World famous wetlands such as Shasthamkotta, Vembanad and Ashtamudi lakes are in Kerala. These renowned water bodies are listed in Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. The world oldest teak plantation ‘Conolly’s Plot’ and the world’s largest teak museum are in Nilambur District of Kerala.
Kerala holds a noteworthy fauna diversity. The rate of endemism of these species is very high. 1 out of 18 mammal species, 36 out of 151 species of amphibians, and 10 out of 173 species of reptiles are endemic. The diversity is widely threatened by the destructive habitat of humankind. Indian elephant, Nilgiri tahr, Indian leopard, Bengal tiger, common palm civet are also found in forests of Kerala. Malabar trogon, Kerala laughingthrush, the great hornbill and southern hill myna are some of the birds. Reptiles include Viper, King cobra, Mugger crocodiles, python, etc.

Culture

A uniquely derived culture from ancient Tamil-Dravidian practices coalesced with Indo-Aryan culture, with influences from, Arab countries, Portugal, China, Japan and even from the British. Every clique of Kerala has their own unique Malayali Cultures, which are queer outside Kerala. The culture Kerala is amalgamated from the influence of numerous different religious and cultural practices. Kerala is the number one state in India in case of literacy.
The very famous Ayurveda and Kerala’s traditional martial art Kalaripayattu ensued from the influence of Buddhism. Due to its geographical and cultural seclusion from other states, many of the architectures of Kerela are influenced by Tibetan-Chinese. The architectural specialty of constructions in Kerala is idiosyncratic. Heavy utilization of wood with acclaimed slanting windows and ornamental designs are part of this idiosyncrasy. Padmanabhapuram Palace, (World’s Largest Wooden Palace) is a classic example of this style.
Kathakali, Mohiniyattom, Koodiyattom, Theyyam, Chavittunadakam, Margam Kali are the famous dance forms of Kerala. Melam, Sopanam, Mappila songs, and Film songs are the famous music forms. Distinctive styles in music, dances and every art forms are crowd pullers of the state. Annual Kerala State School Art Festival is the best place to enjoy and experience the entire arts and culture of Kerala, which are conducted in December or January.

Kathakali

The most celebrated Kerala’s classical folk with the utilization of ostentatious makeups and large costumes. It is dance drama noted for substantial expressions, a wide range of characters, refined gestures and innovative themes. Each character procure special kind of costumes, make-up, and special movements

Mohiniyattom

Mohiniyattom is a classical dance form of Kerala, performed in traditional costumes. Mohiniyattom is usually performed by women. Poems are the most common themes for this art form.
Traditional Costumes
Mundu and Neriyathu are one of the traditional costumes of Kerala. This is common for both men and Women. Traditional dress specific for women is blouses and sarees. Kerala Mundu is a very renowned and worn by the mass.

Agriculture

Kerala is a state backboned by agriculture. Both cash crops and Cereal crops are cultured here. The major Change in agriculture was taken place in the 1970’s. Due to the increased availability of rice all over India and the decreased availability labor, rice production fell down. Inevitably, investment in rice cultivation reduced and a vital portion of the land displaced by the cultivation of perennial tree crops and seasonal crops.
Kerala produces about 97% black pepper and about 85% of natural rubber out of the total output of the country. Coconut, cashew, Tea, coffee, and spices such as vanilla, cardamom, nutmeg, and cinnamon are the main agricultural products. As the people state is literally and technologically exposed than any other states of India, organic crops are more preferred than using synthetic fertilizers.

Kerala Economy

Kerala is a state with extremely low poverty level and it has been through a period of strong economic growth with one of the highest per-capita income compared to elsewhere in India. Kerala’s economy depends on emigrants working in foreign countries, mainly in Arab nations and their remittances make up for around 20% of the economy, which annually contribute more than a fifth of GSDP.

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